Incoterms FOB: Free on Board
Named Place Requirement: Port of Shipment
Applies to: Sea and inland waterway only
Under the terms of FOB (short for “Free on Board”), the seller clears the goods for export and ensures they are delivered to and loaded onto the vessel for transport at the named port of departure.
The buyer takes over risk and costs, including import clearance and duties, as soon as the goods are loaded onto the transport vessel at the port of departure.
FOB only applies to ocean or inland waterway transport. As such, the named place is always a port. It does not apply if the main carriage is via air, ground or rail.
This term is commonly used for bulk cargo (such as oil or grain) or freight from Asia.
Seller pays all costs up to main carriage, then buyer takes over all cost responsibility.
FOB Incoterm Obligations
- Goods, commercial invoice and documentation
- Export packaging and marking
- Export licenses and customs formalities
- Pre-carriage and delivery
- Loading charges
- Delivery onboard vessel at named port of shipment
- Proof of delivery
- Cost of pre-shipment inspection
- Payment for goods as specified in sales contract
- Main carriage
- Discharge and onward carriage
- Import formalities and duties
- Cost of pre-shipment inspection (for import clearance)