Incoterms EXW

Ex Works (named place of delivery)

Applies to:       Air   Ground   Rail   Sea and inland waterway

Incoterms EXW Shipping
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The term Ex Works places the greatest responsibility with the buyer, while the seller has minimum obligations.

The seller has the goods ready for collection at the agreed place of delivery, which is commonly the seller’s factory, mill, plant or warehouse. The buyer is held accountable for all subsequent costs and risk, starting with loading the goods onto a truck or other transport vehicle at the seller’s premises.

In practice, it is not uncommon that the seller loads the goods onto the vehicle at the risk and cost of the buyer or even free of charge. Such an agreement must be made within the contract of sales.

The EXW term should not be used if the buyer cannot handle the export formalities. In these instances, use FCA instead.

   The buyer covers all costs from seller’s door to final destination.


EXW Incoterm - Obligations

Seller’s Obligations

  • Goods, commercial invoice and documentation
  • Export packaging and marking

Buyer’s Obligations

  • Loading at seller’s location
  • Export licenses and customs formalities
  • Pre-carriage to terminal
  • Loading charges
  • Main carriage
  • Discharge and onward carriage
  • Import formalities and duties
  • Cost of pre-shipment inspection

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